or petro-diesel, as it is sometimes referred to, is produced from crude oil in a process called fractional distillation. A mixture of carbon chains between 8 and 10 carbon atoms in length is produced.
like petrodiesel, is made from long chain hydrocarbons, the difference being that the hydrocarbons used to form biodiesel come from reneweable plant or animal oil. Oil undergoes a process called transesterification where the fatty acids of the oil are converted into compounds generally known as methyl esters.
Publication Date: 2013
Explores the effects of biodiesel usage on injection, fuel spray, combustion, and tribology characteristics, and engine performance. It also details optimization procedures of diesel engine characteristics using practical examples.
Publication Date: 2014
It is expected that biodiesels will become an important part of the global energy mix and make a significant contribution to meeting energy demand. This valuable book gives a critical review on the recently emerged process intensification technologies for biodiesel production as well as the various methods for assessing biodiesel fuel quality. You will also learn about monitoring the transesterification reaction with advantages and drawbacks. The authors offer suggestions on selection of appropriate methods,
Publication Date: 2013
Nanoparticles & the Environment
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Contains descriptions of the inorganic and biological processes by which nanoparticles form, information about the distribution of nanoparticles in the atmosphere, aqueous environments, and soils, discussion of the impact of size on nanoparticle structure, thermodynamics, and reaction kinetics, consideration of the nature of the smallest nanoparticles and molecular clusters, pathways for crystal growth and colloid formation, analysis of the size-dependence of phase stability and magnetic properties, and descriptions of methods for the study of nanoparticles.
From The Courier-Mail, 12 June 2021.
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Polymers make an enormous contribution to modern life, and include plastic mouldings and extrusions, plastic film and sheet, plastic laminates (fibreglass and formica) rubber gloves, hoses, tyres and sealing rings, fibres for textiles and carpets and so on, cellular products for cushioning and thermal insulation, adhesives and coating materials such as paints and varnishes. The majority of these polymers are synthetic and are derived from oil products. The most important of these in terms of tonnage used are polymers based upon styrene, vinyl chloride, ethylene, propylene and butadiene among plastics and rubber materials, and nylons, polyethylenetere phthalate and polyacrylonitrile among fibres.
Currency: Timeliness of the information
|Relevance: Importance of the information for your needs
Authority: Source of the information
Accuracy: Reliability and correctness of the information
Purpose: Reason the information exists
MyBib is an online referencing generator to help you with in text references and your List of References.
Sign up for an account so that it will store the references for your assignment. Add it to your bookmark bar to find it quickly.
Install the Chrome extension to make your referencing even faster.
Zotero can be set to the same Harvard AGPS (Australia) style that CiteAce uses, called 'Melbourne Polytechnic - Harvard'. Please read the instructions carefully.
Any issues - see your Library Staff
Chemistry Exemplar from QCAA
CLAIM: Natural shampoos are better than synthetic shampoos.
RESEARCH QUESTION: Are natural shampoos better cleaners than synthetic shampoos based on surface tension, wetting time, solid content, detergency and foaming ability?
Title: use your RQ as given to you
Claim: Selected from the task sheet
Rationale: Around 200 words that show how your specific and relevant RQ has been developed from the claim. Must be backed up by research/in-text referencing.
RQ: The research question is clearly defined and developed from the claim. The RQ clearly states the variables to be investigated.
The research question is connected to/flows from the rationale.
Note: Sufficient and relevant sources ≈ and most written
Background: This section covers the essential chemistry to your RQ.
Analysis and interpretation: This is the largest part of the RI. This is where you present evidence from the different sources that are directly relevant to your RQ. This section can be further divided into sections that deal with an aspect of the RQ/Claim you are investigating. For example (using bio-diesel):
Complexity to manufacture biodiesel vs fractional distillation of crude oil
Energy output of biodiesel vs petro-diesel
Vehicle performance using the two fuel types.
Must include limitations of evidence and real chemistry (ie molecules, reactions, analysis techniques and all that good stuff) and not just be a socio-economic or “save-the-planet” comparison.
Conclusion and evaluation: Again, this section can have further sub-heading to directly address the ISMG point.:
“Reviewing the literature/evidence” allows you to address the quality of evidence
“Link to the claim” allows you to address extrapolation of credible findings
“Improvements and extensions” – obvious….
“Conclusion”—must directly answer the RQ then summarise the key aspects of the RI
The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.
You can see the entire Proquest Ebook Central Catalogue of 500,000 resources by entering your search term in the box above. You may browse any title for 5 minutes, and if it's one we don't already own, it will say 'request this book from your library', which means you can email the Library to ask us to purchase it if you like it, or simply rent it for a day so you can quickly take the notes you need during that day.
SIGN IN WITH YOUR AS YOUR USERNAME.
We will attend to your request as quickly as possible!
1. Use (Control + Find) to search for particular terms easily in a long document, whether from a website or a database article.
2. Use a Boolean command - put to limit and improve your results eg "energy drinks problems".
3. Use to search in Google for only pdf articles - "plastic pollution" filetype:pdf - will force Google to return results on plastic pollution which are pdf articles (PDFs are great sources sometimes deeply buried in Google results and remain unseen).
4. Use a Google command eg OR eg biodiesel site:edu
5. when it is not clear who the author / authority is, go to the end of the URL in the Google search box, cut back to the first forward slash (/) and hit 'Enter'. This will take you to the Home Page of the website, and you can see the full name of the source.
6. Use a Google command After you get your results, choose the Google Menu Bar, and choose 'Tools'. Then on the far left, at the drop-down menu next to 'Any Time', you can choose 'Within the last year' (or less, if you prefer), but generally, you can choose 'Custom Range' at the bottom, as often the last 3 years would be sufficient for a recent search.
From Mrs Allen:
1. START EARLY
a. First 10% - General Reading (This is where your ideas are shaped, read 3-6 sources of VARIETY)
b. 10% - 40/50% - Active Notetaking (This is where you collect & collate evidence & info)
c. 40-50% - 80% - Organisation of Ideas (This is where you construct the structure of your essay, and allocate the number of words for each part).
d. 80% - 100% - Writing (This is where you write the assignment as streamlined as possible)
Research Assignment Template - Mrs Allen
The UK's professional body for chemists. Responsible for advancing excellence, connecting chemical scientists and shaping the future of the chemical sciences for the benefit of humanity.
A monthly chemistry news magazine published by the Royal Society of Chemistry. It addresses current events in world of chemistry including research, international business news and government policy as it affects the chemical science community,
Royal Australian Chemical Institute. Acts as the key body advocating the interests and activities of the chemical sciences with over 4000 members across Australia
American Chemical Society. One of the world’s largest scientific organisations. Mission is to advance the broader chemistry enterprise and its practitioners for the benefit of Earth and its people.
The world authority on chemical nomenclature (names) and terminology, including the naming of new elements in the periodic table; on standardized methods for measurement; and on atomic weights, and many other critically-evaluated data.
The world’s largest collection of open access research papers
An inclusive journal community which believes all rigorous science needs to be published and discoverable, widely disseminated and freely accessible to all
A free distribution service and an open archive for scholarly articles in the fields of science
Breaks down the stories behind the most interesting news and photos on the Internet.
A network of not-for-profit media outlets that publish news stories on the Internet that are written by academics and researchers
The NCBI advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
Google Books can be very frustrating because often much of the book is missing and you are expected to purchase it to read the full content. So after you put in your search term you are interested in (eg biodiesel), and get some results up, you should then go immediately to the (on the left - above 'About this box') and type in a particular word or term you are interested in (eg CO2 emissions OR methanol) you should get a number of pages pop up. Choose one that looks useful - you should get some good results this way!