POSSIBLE KEY QUESTION: How important was the Montgomery Bus Boycott in the progress of the Civil Rights Movement?
Sub-Question: How did the protest progress?
Sub-Question: What was Rosa Park's role in the boycott?
Sub-Question: What was Martin Luther King's role in the boycott?
POSSIBLE KEY QUESTION: How did the activities of the Freedom Riders and Sit-ins bolster the U.S. Civil Rights Movement?
Sub-Question: Who were the leaders and partners of the Freedom Riders and Sit-in protesters?
Sub-Question: What methods did they use to desegregate interstate transportation?
Sub-Question: Who were the opponents to the Freedom Riders and Sit-in protesters, and what were their responses?
Sub-Question: What were the outcomes of these protests?
POSSIBLE KEY QUESTION: Is Martin Luther King best described as a saint or a sinner with his beliefs, behaviour and policies? (Discuss whether he was a glory seeker, a hypocrite or a betrayer of his people - see Vivienne Sanders).
POSSIBLE KEY QUESTION: Which of these two activists made the most important contribution to the American Civil Rights Movement?
Sub-Question: What was the for Martin Luther King to become active in the Civil Rights Movement, and what was his ?
Sub-Question: How did Martin Luther King and show in the Civil Rights Movement?
Sub-Question: What was the for Malcolm X to become involved in the Civil Rights Movement, and what was his ?
Sub-Question: How can the of the 2 activists be compared?
: Malcolm X's message of self-defense and black nationalism resonated with northern, urban blacks more effectively than King’s call for nonviolence.
Martin Luther King AND Malcolm X
Martin Luther King
SPEECHES and LETTERS:
Martin Luther King ebook
POSSIBLE KEY QUESTION: Was Malcolm X a symbol of black pride and aspiration, or a racist, anti-Semitic demagogue (a political leader who seeks support by appealing to the desires and prejudices of ordinary people rather than by using rational argument)? This is an article from the New York Times)
Malcolm X ebook
Martin Luther King Jr. considered the 1963 Birmingham Campaign a necessity because of the harsh treatment of the African-American community. In mid-1962, King and other officials from the SCLC conceived ‘Project C’, which used the non-violent protest strategies of sit-ins, boycotts and daily marches, to draw public attention to the heavy-handed, and often violent, responses by the police. King’s justifications for this approach are explained in a telegram which he sent to President Kennedy in 1962, in which he stated that a “reign of terror is still alive in Birmingham Alabama [and] it is by far the worst big city in race relations in the United States” (King, 1962, 1). His reasons are explained further the following year, in a letter which King wrote while in jail in Birmingham following his arrest for taking part in the protests. In it, the civil rights leader argued that the protests were necessary since the city authorities left the African-American community with no alternative (King, 1963, 2). As this document was written with the expressed purpose of explaining the causes of the Birmingham Campaign, it is a particularly reliable record of King’s justifications for the event. As is clearly seen in these two sources, both written by King himself, he saw Project C as a vital step in gaining full rights for the citizens of the city. Therefore, King was convinced that the 1963 Birmingham Campaign was a direct result of the unjust treatment suffered by the African-Americans in Birmingham.
This Colour Key Code has been applied to the paragraph above.
Adapted from History Skills
The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.
1. Use (Control + Find) to search for particular terms easily in a long document, whether from a website or a database article.
2. Use a Boolean command - put to limit and improve your results eg "energy drinks problems".
3. Use to search in Google for only pdf articles - "plastic pollution" filetype:pdf - will force Google to return results on plastic pollution which are pdf articles (PDFs are great sources sometimes deeply buried in Google results and remain unseen).
4. Use a Google command eg OR eg biodiesel site:edu
5. when it is not clear who the author / authority is, go to the end of the URL in the Google search box, cut back to the first forward slash (/) and hit 'Enter'. This will take you to the Home Page of the website, and you can see the full name of the source.
6. Use a Google command After you get your results, choose the Google Menu Bar, and choose 'Tools'. Then on the far left, at the drop-down menu next to 'Any Time', you can choose 'Within the last year' (or less, if you prefer), but generally, you can choose 'Custom Range' at the bottom, as often the last 3 years would be sufficient for a recent search.
Zotero can be set to the same Harvard AGPS (Australia) style that CiteAce uses, called 'Melbourne Polytechnic - Harvard'. Please read the instructions carefully.
Any issues - see your Library Staff
Information in JSTOR is 3-5 years old, but of university quality.
When you are away from the campus you will need to login using the appropriate username and password, available in an email which has previously been sent to you by Ms King.