Twelve Angry Men is considered to be a realist or naturalist drama. This style of theatre is concerned with everyday life.
For an understanding and appreciation of the play's context and setting, check out 1950s America which gives an overview of society and culture at this time.
For an overview of the twentieth century American judicial system, visit Judicial System or Steps in the US Federal Criminal Process.
For definitions of the legal terms used in the play, visit Law dictionary or US Courts glossary.