CLAIM: Every has a for than for
Claim: are and have than .
Research question: Is the combustion of biodiesel more efficient than petroleum-based diesel in terms of energy output (enthalpy) and CO2 emissions?
Developing the research question:
1. Identify the key (important) terms in the claim. a. biofuels b. more efficient c. less environmental impact d. fossil fuels
2. Propose questions that need to be addressed to refine key terms and narrow the focus of the claim.
a. What are biofuels?
b. Which biofuels and fossil fuels will be investigated?
c. What does ‘more efficient’ mean in relation to energy output and greenhouse gas emissions?
d. How do energy output and greenhouse gas emissions link to the chemistry of fuels, exothermic reactions and enthalpy?
3. Conduct research to gather information to address the questions.
a. How will energy output be compared/evaluated?
b. Which greenhouse gases are produced as a by-product of combustion of biofuels and fossil fuels?
c. How will greenhouse gases be compared/evaluated?
d. What data will be collected for energy output and greenhouse gas emissions?
e. What is the chemistry related to energy production and greenhouse gases produced from the combustion of biofuels and fossil fuels?
4. Draft the research question to address the claim.
a. Do biofuels produce fewer greenhouse gases and more energy than fossils fuels?
5. Refine and focus the research question.
a. Focus on products of combustion: energy output (enthalpy) and CO2 produced.
b. Focus on biodiesel and petroleum-based diesel.
c. Define efficiency in terms of higher energy output and lower CO2 emissions.
6. Present the research question to the teacher for approval.
a. Is the combustion of biodiesel more efficient than petroleum-based diesel in terms of energy output (enthalpy) and CO2 emissions?
Google Advanced search techniques
1. You can complete an advanced search in Google Advanced Search, which helps narrow or refine your search for better, more specific results.
2. Narrow your results to one particular domain type, by adding site: and a name to your search terms.
3 letter Domain names
3. Use 'Ctrl F' (Control + Find) to search for particular terms easily in a long document, whether from a website or a database article.
4. Use a Google command to limit results to the : After you get your results, choose the Google Menu Bar, and choose 'Tools'. Then on the far left, at the drop-down menu next to 'Any Time', .you can choose 'Within the last year' (or less, if you prefer), but generally, you can choose 'Custom Range' at the bottom, as often the last 3 to 5 years would be sufficient for a recent search.
5. Use Boolean searching
The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.
Currency: Timeliness of the information
|Relevance: Importance of the information for your needs
Authority: Source of the information
Accuracy: Reliability and correctness of the information
Purpose: Reason the information exists
The world’s largest collection of open access research papers
An inclusive journal community which believes all rigorous science needs to be published and discoverable, widely disseminated and freely accessible to all
A free distribution service and an open archive for scholarly articles in the fields of science
Breaks down the stories behind the most interesting news and photos on the Internet
Offers the best intelligent, informed science and technology coverage and analysis on a daily basis
Google Scholar's searches are set to cover scholarly material more often than 'regular' Google. Google Scholar's searches are set to cover scholarly material more often than 'regular' Google. Read the article below on the advantages an disadvantages of using it. TIP: To get PDFs only, type in 'filetype:pdf'. It's great!
Google Books can be very frustrating because often much of the book is missing and you are expected to purchase it to read the full content. So after you put in your search term you are interested in (eg biodiesel), and get some results up, you should then go immediately to the (on the left - above 'About this box')
and type in a particular word or term you are interested in (eg CO2 emissions OR methanol) you should get a number of pages pop up. Choose one that looks useful - you should get some good results this way!
Zotero can be set to the same Harvard AGPS (Australia) style that CiteAce uses, called 'Melbourne Polytechnic - Harvard'. Please read the instructions carefully.
Any issues - see your Library Staff