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Year 10: Term 3: Australia and the Pacific War

Oliver Library Catalogue

Oliver Library Catalogue

General Resources

Prisoners of War

How to Write Introductory Paragraphs

Essay Template for Writing the Essay

Map of the Japanese Expansion in the Pacific War

Pacific War Conflicts / Campaigns

Raymond Callahan, associate dean of the College of Arts and Science and the author of “The Worst Disaster: The Fall of Singapore,” has stated: “The fall of Singapore was a pivotal event with enormous consequences. Not only was it a military defeat, it was a shattering blow to Great Britain’s prestige and marked the decline of the Western era in Southeast Asia, which ended when the last helicopter left Saigon".

Skwirk: The Fall of Singapore

HistoryLearning site: The Fall of Singapore

National Museum of Australia: The Fall of Singapore

Australia Great War: The Fall of Singapore

ABC News: Fall of Singapore Anniversary: How a Military Defeat Changed Australia

National Geographic: On This Day - The Fall of Singapore

The Battle of the Coral Sea is unique in the annals of naval history. It is the first battle in which enemy fleets never came within sight of one another. Instead, aircraft launched from carrier decks were sent out to attack the enemy with bombs and torpedoes.

Australian War Memorial: Battle of the Coral Sea

Royal Australian Navy: Battle of the Coral Sea

ANZAC Portal: Battle of the Coral Sea

Pacific Battle of the Coral Sea

Ohio University: Battle of the Coral Sea

University of San Diego: Battle of the Coral Sea


On February 19, 1945, nearly 70,000 American marines invaded a tiny volcanic island in the Pacific. Over the next thirty-five days, approximately 28,000 combatants died, including nearly 22,000 Japanese and 6,821 Americans, making Iwo Jima one of the costliest battles of World War II. Iwo Jima

History.Net: Worth the Cost? Justification of the Iwo Jima Invasion

Quora: What Was the Significance of Iwo Jima?

Military Battle of Iwo Jima

Britannica: Battle of Iwo Jima

Pacific War Leaders

Kamikaze Pilots

How to Use Signal or Linking Words to Construct an Essay

Possible Hypotheses

How to Write In-Text References for Humanities


The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.


Atomic Bomb: Hiroshima and Nagasaki


Primary Sources

National Archives of Australia
Specify World War II and click on 'Browse' to access a range of primary sources including:

Cablegram from Curtin to Churchill about the defence of Singapore – 17 January 1942

Churchill on the return of Australian troops to defend Australia – 27 January 1942

Examples of In-Text and End-Text Referencing

Some Possible Key Questions

  1. Why were Australians afraid of invasion by Japan, and were these fears justified?
  2. What made the Japanese military so fearsome during the Pacific War?
  3. What role did Brisbane play in the Pacific War?
  4. Was 'island-hopping' the right strategy to fight the Japanese?
  5. How effective was the military leadership of Macarthur?
  6. How effective was the military leadership of Nimitz?
  7. Compare the way Japanese POWs in Australia and Australian POWs in Asia were treated.
  8. How important was Emperor Hirohito's role in the Pacific War?
  9. Why is Yamamoto a revered Japanese military leader?
  10. What were Kamikaze attacks, and how effective were they as a military tactic?
  11. How effective was John Curtin's leadership of Australia during the war?
  12. How effective were the policies which the Curtin government implemented after 1942?
  13. What were Australian-American relationships like during the war?
  14. Why was conscription a divisive issue in Australia during the Pacific War?
  15. What impact did the war have on the role of Australian women?
  16. What does 'turning the tide' in the Pacific War refer to, and how was it achieved?
  17. What was the Manhattan Project, and how effective was it?
  18. Was the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki justified?