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Junior School: Europe and North America

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  • Name: Commonwealth of Australia
  • Government: Democracy
  • Population: 25 million (2019)
  • Urban Population: 90%
  • Capital: Canberra with 403,000 people (2019)
  • Language: English
  • Currency: 1 Australian Dollar=100 Cents
  • Religion: mainly Christians
  • Timezones: 3
  • National Symbols: Golden wattle (flower),
    • opal (gemstone),  green and gold (colours)
  • National Holiday: 26 January (Australia Day)


  1. Name: North America (from the female Latinate version of Amerigo Vespucci’s name)
  2. Demonym: North American
  3. Area: 9.5 million square miles
  4. Population: 565 million
  5. Countries: 23
  6. Main Languages: English, Spanish, French
  7. Time Zones: UTC-10 to UTC
  8. Largest Cities: 1st Mexico City, 2nd New York, 3rd Los Angeles
  9. Wealthiest National Economies: 1st United States, 2nd Canada, 3rd Mexico
  10. Biomes Present: All Major


European Flags Images, Stock Photos & Vectors | Shutterstock

  • Population: about 740 million. That’s sounds a lot but there are five times that number of people living today in Asia!
  • Land Area: 9,908,600 square kilometres (or 3,825,730 square miles) – it’s about a third of the size of Africa.
  • Countries46 countries (of which 27 are members of the European Union or EU).
  • Highest Peak: Mount Elbrus in Russia stands at 5,643 metres above sea level.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Ladoga in north western Russia has an area of 17,700 square kilometres (6,800 square miles).
  • Longest River: The Volga River in Russia is 3,530 kilometres (2,193 miles) long.
  • Smallest Country (by land area and population): Vatican City is a tiny country within the Italian city of Rome. The Pope, the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, lives here along with its 800 other citizens.
  • Biggest Country (by land area): the Russian Federation is the biggest country by land area, not just in Europe but across the whole world!
  • Languages: there are more than 200 different languages spoken in Europe. The EU recognises 23 languages that are in common use amongst its member countries, where two of every three Europeans live.