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Junior School: Australia's Neighbours

“Books are a uniquely portable magic.”

AUSTRALIA'S NEIGHBOURS

INTRODUCTION

Read the instructions below - clicking on the blue links

You will learn about our neighbours and study a great map of the Pacific region.  The Story of Damain and The Strike v Hunger will give you an insight as to what life is like in other our neighbouring counties.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Papua New Guinea is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. Port Moresby is the capital and largest town.

CULTURE

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

It is estimated that more than a thousand different cultural groups exist in Papua New Guinea. Because of this diversity, many different styles of cultural expression have emerged; each group has created its own expressive forms in artdanceweaponrycostumes,

singingmusicarchitecture and much more. Most of these different cultural groups have their own language. People typically live in villages that rely on subsistence farming. In some areas people hunt and collect wild plants (such as yam roots) to supplement their diets. Those who become skilled at hunting, farming and fishing earn a great deal of respect.

On the Sepik river, there is a tradition of wood carving, often in the form of plants or animals, representing ancestor spirits.

Sea shells are no longer the currency of Papua New Guinea, as they were in some regions – sea shells were abolished as currency in 1933. However, this heritage is still present in local customs; in some cultures, to get a bride, a groom must bring a certain number of golden-edged clam shells as a bride price. In other regions, the bride price is paid in lengths of shell money, pigscassowaries or cash. Elsewhere, it is brides who traditionally pay a dowry.

People of the highlands engage in colourful local rituals that are called "sing sings". They paint themselves and dress up with featherspearls and animal skins to represent birds, trees or mountain spirits. Sometimes an important event, such as a legendary battle, is enacted at such a musical festival.

NEW ZEALAND

Early Māori adapted the tropically based east Polynesian culture in line with the challenges associated with a larger and more diverse environment, eventually developing their own distinctive culture. Social organisation was largely communal with families (whanau), sub-tribes (hapu) and tribes (iwi) ruled by a chief (rangatira) whose position was subject to the community's approval. The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand and also influenced Māori culture, particularly with the introduction of Christianity. However, Māori still regard their allegiance to tribal groups as a vital part of their identity, and Māori kinship roles resemble those of other Polynesian peoples. More recently AmericanAustralian, Asian and other European cultures have exerted influence on New Zealand. Non-Māori Polynesian cultures are also apparent, with Pasifika, the world's largest Polynesian festival, now an annual event in Auckland.

NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand is a country made up of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The Maori people lived on the islands for hundreds of years before Europeans arrived in the 1600s. New Zealand’s capital is Wellington.

TIMOR-LESTE

East Timor is one of the world’s newest countries. It gained independence from Indonesia in 2002. The capital of East Timor is Dili. The country is also known as Timor-Leste.

FAVOURITE DISHES

Exploring The Māori Hangi

NEW ZEALAND -  HUNGI

Mumu (A Papua New Guinean Favorite) - International Cuisine

PAPUA NEW GUINEA - MUMU

Indonesian Food: 50 of the Best Dishes You Should Eat

INDONESIA - SATAY

Cuisine of East Timor - Wikipedia

TIMOR-LESTE - IKAN SABUKO

lavendar roast leg

AUSTRALIA - ROAST LEG OF LAMB (BUT MAY BE DISPUTED)

 

INDONESIA

The country of Indonesia is made up of about 17,500 islands. It is the largest country, both in area and in population, in Southeast Asia. The capital is Jakarta.

CULTURE

INDONESIA

Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Australasia/Oceania. It is part of the Malay Archipelago. It has 18,108 islands. 6,000 of these islands are inhabited. The most important islands of Indonesia are JavaBaliBorneoSulawesi, and Sumatra. The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta, on Java. The current president is Joko Widodo. Modern Indonesia began on the 17th of August 1945. At 10 o'clock on that Friday morning, Ir. Soekarno read Indonesia's Declaration of Independence. Indonesia's Independence Day is a national holiday. 

There are people of many different cultural groups living in Indonesia, has more than 700 ethnic groups. It is affected by IndiansChinese peopleArabsMalays and Europeans. The Javan hawk-eagle is the national bird.

TIMOR-LESTE

The culture of East Timor reflects numerous influences, including Portuguese, Roman Catholic and Indonesian, on Timor's indigenous Austronesian and Melanesian cultures. East Timorese culture is heavily influenced by Austronesian legends. For example, East Timorese creation myth has it that an aging crocodile transformed into the island of Timor as part of a debt repayment to a young boy who had helped the crocodile when it was sick. As a result, the island is shaped like a crocodile and the boy's descendants are the native East Timorese who inhabit it. The phrase "leaving the crocodile" refers to the pained exile of East Timorese from their island.

SPORT

Sport in Papua New Guinea - Wikipedia

PAPUA NEW GUINEA - RUGBY LEAGUE

Football in Indonesia - Wikipedia

INDONESIA - SOCCER

National Symbols Of East Timor | National Pedia

EAST TIMOR - SOCCER

Why Is Rugby The National Sport of New Zealand? – LoveTheWorld

NEW ZEALAND - RUGBY UNION

What is the national sport of Australia? - Quora

AUSTRALIA - CRICKET (REALLY!)