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Junior School: Our Diverse and Connected World

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OUR DIVERSE AND CONNECTED WORLD

Australia and southeast asia map - green hue Vector Image

Australia is a country located in the Oceania continent, whereas Asia is one of the 7 continents of the world which comprises 49 UN member states.

OVERVIEW

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The total area of Australia is 7,692,024 sq km, and the total area of Asia is 44,579,000 sq km. Australia is smaller than Asia by 36,886,976 sq km. Australia is around 5.8 times smaller than Asia.

According to the Worldometer data, the total population of Australia as of 8th July 2021 is estimated to be around 25,804,397.

According to the data from Worldometer, the current population of Asia estimated as of 20th May 2021 is 4,681,649,580.

BRITANNICA

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A comprehensive array of safe, searchable content across all subject areas for Prep to Grade 12.  It also includes access to millions of images from more than 50 of the worlds best and most respected image libraries.

WHAT IS A CONTINENT?

Continent - Wikipedia

An island is a body of land surrounded by water. Continents are also surrounded by water, but because they are so big, they are not considered islands. Australia, the smallest continent, is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island.

There are countless islands in the ocean, lakes, and rivers around the world. They vary greatly in size, climate, and the kinds of organisms that inhabit them.

Many islands are quite small, covering less than half a hectare (one acre). These tiny islands are often called islets. Islands in rivers are sometimes called aits or eyots. Other islands are huge. Greenland, for example, covers an area of about 2,166,000 square kilometers (836,000 square miles).

Some islands, such as the Aleutian Islands in the U.S. state of Alaska, are cold and ice-covered all year. Others, such as Tahiti, lie in warm, tropical waters. Many islands, such as Easter Island in the South Pacific Ocean, are thousands of kilometers from the nearest mainland. Other islands, such as the Greek islands known as the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea, are found in closely spaced groups called archipelagoes.

SOUTHEAST ASIA

Bilateral trade with Southeast Asia explored | The Western Producer

Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia). Extending some 700 miles (1,100 km) southward from the mainland into insular Southeast Asia is the Malay Peninsula; this peninsula structurally is part of the mainland, but it also shares many ecological and cultural affinities with the surrounding islands and thus functions as a bridge between the two regions.

Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into the countries of CambodiaLaosMyanmar (Burma), ThailandVietnam, and the small city-state of Singapore at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula; Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which occupy the eastern portion of the mainland, often are collectively called the Indochinese Peninsula. Malaysia is both mainland and insular, with a western portion on the Malay Peninsula and an eastern part on the island of Borneo. Except for the small sultanate of Brunei (also on Borneo), the remainder of insular Southeast Asia consists of the archipelagic nations of Indonesia and the Philippines.

 

AUSTRALIA

 

Australia Country Profile - National Geographic Kids

Wedged between the Indian and Pacific oceans, Australia is the only continent occupied entirely by a single country. It is an island continent and, like the island continent of Antarctica, it is located entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Tasmania, a much smaller island off the southeast coast of Australia, is also considered to be a part of the continent. Australia’s nearest neighbors are the countries of Indonesia and East Timor to the northwest; Papua New Guinea, a short distance across the Torres Strait to the north; and New Zealand, more than 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) to the southeast. Area 2,968,402 square miles (7,688,126 square kilometers). Population (2022 est.) 25,801,000.

Australia is sometimes called “the land down under” because it lies in the Southern Hemisphere almost halfway around the world from Great Britain, which was its mother country in the colonial era. Australia’s southern coasts are washed by the cold Southern, or Antarctic, Ocean. Australia’s northern coasts are separated from the archipelagoes of Southeast Asia by warm, shallow tropical seas.