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Junior School: Gold Rush

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Nash's triumph and tragedy - Gympie Today

In 1867, James Nash discovered gold in Nash's Gully, which later became the goldfields of Gympie. By October 31 that year, an area of 25 square miles around Nashville was declared the Upper Mary River Goldfields. Official figures for 1868 show 84,792 ounces of gold was taken out. Nash is said to have earned 10,000 pounds in 12 months on the field in addition to the thousand-pound government reward for finding gold. Unfortunately, he invested in mining companies on the field and lost much of his money. In January,1912, Mr Nash was granted a pension of 100 pounds per year after retiring as keeper of the powder magazine at Traveston south of Gympie. He died in Gympie in October, 1913.



What is Gold and its properties?

·         It is heavy, bright, yellow, dense, soft shiny metal

·         It doesn’t rust or corrode

·         It can be melted and changed many times without losing its weight

·         It is malleable: can be carved - statues, rings, temples

·         It has always fascinated mankind

·         Reserves are used in many countries to support their money

·         It is high in value and can be very expensive to buy



henry lawson from

Henry Archibald Hertzberg Lawson was an Australian writer and bush poet. Along with his contemporary Banjo Paterson, Lawson is among the best-known Australian poets and fiction writers of the colonial period and is often called Australia's "greatest short story writer". 

Born: 17 June 1867, Grenfell

Died: 2 September 1922, Abbotsford

Place of burial: Waverley Cemetery, Bronte

Parents: Louisa LawsonNiels Hertzberg Larsen

Children: Bertha LawsonJoseph Lawson


Peter Lalor | Australian Politician & Eureka Rebellion Leader | Britannica

Peter Fintan Lalor was an Irish-Australian rebel and, later, politician who rose to fame for his leading role in the Eureka Rebellion, an event identified with the "birth of democracy" in Australia.

Born: 5 February 1827, Raheen, Ireland

Died: 9 February 1889, Richmond

Siblings: Richard LalorJames Fintan LalorPatrick LalorMORE

Children: Anne LalorJoseph Lalor

Spouse: Alicia Dunne (m. 1855–1887)

Education: Carlow College, St Patrick's,Trinity College Dublin

Previous offices: Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly (1880–1887)


History shows Edward Hargraves did much more than flame the Gold Rush |  Newcastle Herald | Newcastle, NSW

Edward Hammond Hargraves was born on 7 October 1816 in Gosport, Hampshire, England, the son of Elizabeth and John Edward Hargraves. He was educated in Brighton and Lewes, but left school at the age of 14 to go to sea. He arrived in Sydney in 1832.

Born: 7 October 1816, Gosport, United Kingdom

Died: 29 October 1891, Sydney

Known forAustralian gold rush


Paddy Hannan - Wikipedia

Patrick Hannan was a gold prospector whose lucrative discovery on 14 June 1893 set off a major gold rush in the area now known as Kalgoorlie-Boulder in Western Australia. The resulting goldfield has been mined ever since and is renowned as The Golden Mile, the richest square mile in the world. Wikipedia

Born: 26 April 1840, Sixmilebridge, Ireland

Died: 4 November 1925, Melbourne

Place of burial: Melbourne General Cemetery, Carlton North

Fun Fact!

It is estimated that 3 days after Paddy Hannan had registered his claim in Coolgardie, more than 700 men had arrived in the area and began prospecting. Good news really does travel quickly - even without mobile phones and internet! 

A statue of Paddy Hannan was erected in Kalgoorlie to mark his importance and significance to the Western Australian Gold Rush.

The main street of Kalgoorlie is named after Paddy Hannan. 



Learn what lead to the Eureka Uprising and the effects this had on the diggers.