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Year 9: Australia in World War 1


The Task

Useful Documents to Help With Your Writing

Hints and Examples for Integrating Quotes into Paragraphs

Selected World War I Topics

Pearson History 9 (text book chapter) - has a section on Indigenous soldiers

RetroActive 9 (text book chapter) 

Old version of History Alive 9 (text book chapter) This has slightly different information as an older version of your text

The Story of the Day (ABC Splash)

Gallipoli and the Australian Legend - From 'Discovering Australian History Stage 5', by Ken Webb. Scanned under licence.

Gallipoli and the Australian legend - From 'Analysing Australian History', by Ken Webb. Scanned under licence.

Gallipoli and the Australian Legend - From 'Australian History and Citizenship', by Mark Anderson and Paul Ashton. Scanned under licence.

The Anzac Legend - From 'Nelson History 3: Australia and the World in the 20th Century', by Jo Eshuys, Vic Guest, Robyn Bowman, Brendan Burgess, Stephen Kimber and Keith Hallett.

Gallipoli - From 'Heineman Outcomes History', by Robert Darlington and others. Scanned under licence.

The Anzac Legend - From 'Heineman Outcomes History', by Robert Darlington and others. Scanned under licence.

World War I began with immense, rapid, national mobilisations and classical offensive manoeuvres, but after mutual attempts at envelopment at and after the Battle of the Marne, stationary trench warfare ensued across a wide battlefront. A war of attrition set in that called for total national involvement in the war effort. 

Over the course of the campaign both sides fired artillery shells by the tons (the most destructive weapon on the Western Front eg Howitzer), unleashed streams of machine gun fire (German Spandau vs British Maxim), sprayed chemical weapons, fire flamethrowers, and British troops deployed tanks for the first time. Four days of heavy shelling preceded the British infantry assault in the Somme sector. A thousand artillery pieces targeted a 25,000-yard stretch of the German line, the weapons ranging from trench mortars to 60-pounders and huge, 15-inch howitzers. In all, the British artillery fired 1.5 million shells in just four days.

Merriam Webster Dictionary: Painful and intense fear, dread, or dismay An event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or catastrophe.

Cambridge Dictionary: An extremely strong feeling of fear and shock, or the frightening and shocking character of something. 

Cambridge Dictionary: An intense feeling of fear, shock, or disgust, or the frightening and shocking character of something. A lamentable, dreadful, or fatal event or affair; calamity; disaster.





The Armistice and Peace Treaty 
(Note the role of Australian Prime Minister Hughes)

Impact of the War on Returned Soldiers, War Widows and Families
(Note that Australia sacrificed by far the greatest per-capita of men of any Allied nation) 

Spanish Flu

Economy and Employment

Soldier Settlements

Bitter Divisions


When you are away from the campus you will need to login using the appropriate username and password - these were sent to you in an email from the Head of Library which you should have saved for when you needed to access databases from home.

Weapons and Their Impact In WWI Battles


Railways (Transport for troops and war supplies, Evacuation of wounded)

Petroleum / Oil (for military vehicles)

Electricity (for Communications, Mass production, Submarines)

Mass Production

Vehicles (Internal combustion engines, Tanks, Rubber tyres)


Marine Technology (Advanced ships; Submarines) 

Medicine (Anaesthetics; Transport; Surgery; X-Rays)


Cover ArtGas! Gas! Quick, Boys!

Reveals for the first time the true extent of how chemistry rather than military strategy determined the shape, duration and outcome of the First World War. He answers question such as: What is guncotton? What is lyddite? What is mustard gas? What is phosgene? What is gunmetal? This is a true picture of the horrors of the 'Chemists' War'.