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Year 8: Springfield Excursion

Checklist before handing in Assignment

As you complete the content of your Report, check the format of your Report using the following checklist:

  • Title Page - include your name/class, teacher's name and an image/s of Greater Springfield
  • Table of Contents sits on its own page following the title page
  • Numbering starts on Page 3 (your Introduction page)
  • Each section of the report is given a number and title e.g. 1. Introduction 2. Discussion/Findings 3. Conclusion (Heading 1)
  • Subsections within each major section ts a sub-section number e.g. 3.1, 3.2 (Heading 2)
  • Each new section should start on the top of a NEW page 


  • In-text references completed
  • Images are all centred with a title written above the image.  Figure ...  below the image and the in-text reference below that.
  • All sources recorded in CiteAce -  copy and transferred to your Report under 4.0 REFERENCES
  • Notes from the talk given on your Excursion can be referenced in the CiteAce template Teachers Notes.

Review your Criteria Sheet and take a look at the 'How to' for Creating a Report and Referencing on this page.

In-text Referencing (Direct Quotes)

The following quotes are all examples of direct quotations.  A direct quotation is one in which you copy an author's words directly from the text and use that exact wording in your essay with quotation marks. 

An indirect quote is where you present an author's ideas in your own words. This can be done either through paraphrasing or summarising. An indirect quote does not require quotation marks but must still be acknowledged with in-text referencing and in your Bibliography. 

How To Do In-Text Referencing PowerPoint

How to Reference Images


Visual References: All photos, pictures and diagrams are referred to as ‘Figure’, and centred, with no wrap-around text.

Rapidly cooling lava surface

Figure 1
SandAtlas n.d.

Your comment: The glowing colours in Figure 1 reveal the various temperatures of lava, with the bright yellow the hottest (over 1000 degrees C.) and the orange cooler at 800-900 degrees C.

NOTE: All graphic in-text references need to be fully referenced at the end of the List of References, using the Harvard Australia method, through CiteAce. Choose the tab 'Image, Sound or Video Clip'.

List of References

'Types of lava flows'  n.d., SandAtlas, SandAtlas, viewed 6 March 2019, <>. 

Practice Report Writing