Skip to Main Content

Year 8: T4: Urbanisation



Urbanisation is the process through which cities grow, and higher and higher percentages of the population come to live in the city. Australia is a highly urbanised country, with most of the population growth in the past decade occurring in Australia’s cities. Modelling by the Australian Bureau of Statistics indicates that Australia's population will be 31.8 million in 2040, with around 80% of the population living in major cities. 


What is Urbanisation and why do Australians mostly live in cities?

Oxford University Press - Urbanisation

Charting Transport: How is population density changing in Australian cities?

Pros and Cons of Urbanisation


Closer to home...

Brisbane's Top 15 Major Projects 2020

Brisbane Times - New figures predict another 2.2m people will make SE QLD home

SBS - Why is everyone moving to Queensland?

Queensland Government - Planning for Queensland’s Future

My Brisbane - 7 Big, Bold New Urban Development Projects



ABS - Australian population data

CfP - National, state and territory population (2022)

South East Queensland population growth and livability data

McCrindle Australian Social Researchers


Figure 1 (below): McCrindle - Population Map (McCrindle, 2023)


Figure 2 (below): State and territory population growth (Centre for Population, 2022)

Brisbane’s $3.6-billion Queen’s Wharf development is spread over 12ha of land and 15.3ha of water. It is earmarked for completion by 2023 and will offer four luxury hotels, 2000 residential apartments and a casino.

About the project:

Address: Queens Wharf, George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4000
Developer: Destination Brisbane Consortium (The Star Group, Far East Consortium, Chow Tai Fook)
Architect: Cottee Parker
Building type: Casino (390,000sq m), Hotel (1100 guest rooms), Residential (2000 apartments)
Height: 71-storeys (234m), 58-storeys (190m), 54-storeys (180m), 30-storeys (101m), 30-storeys (101m)
Gross development value: $3.6 billion
Status: Under construction
Estimated completion: 2023 (stage one)

Source: The Urban Developer


Key Resources:

Queens Wharf homepage

Queensland Government - Queens Wharf Plan, Benefits and Timeline

Queens Wharf interactive tour



Peak built environment groups condemn Brisbane casino

Queens Wharf 2016 planning document (pgs 13-18 useful for considering impacts)

Opinion: Queens Wharf benefits make disruption worth it

Queens Wharf "disaster" for local clubs and RSLs

Queen’s Wharf’s luxury shopping to be the envy of the nation

Researchers will collect data on Queens Wharf gambling

Cross River Rail is a new 10.2 kilometre rail line from Dutton Park to Bowen Hills, which includes 5.9 kilometres of twin tunnels under the Brisbane River and CBD. The project will unlock a bottleneck at the core of our transport network and it will transform the way we travel across the whole of South East Queensland.


About the project:

Address: From Dutton Park to Bowen Hills, including multiple new stations
Developer: Queensland Government
Architects: The Tunnel, Stations and Development (TSD) public-private partnership is being delivered by the PULSE consortium, UNITY Alliance and Hitachi Rail STS.
Building type: 10.2 kilometres of rail line between Dutton Park and Bowen Hills; 5.9 kilometres of tunnel under the Brisbane River and CBD; new stations at Boggo Road, Woolloongabba, Albert Street, Roma Street and Exhibition showgrounds.
Gross development value: $5.4 billion
Status: Under construction
Estimated completion: 2025

Source: Queensland Government


Key Resources:

Cross River Rail homepage

Queensland Government - Cross River Rail Project overview

Tunnel Tour

Project timelapse - work completed in 2022 (5 mins)



Cross River Rail - project benefits

Cross River Rail Business Case (long document - pages 8 & 24 useful for impacts)

Cross River Rail Environmental Impact Statement (this is 300 pages long - use the contents page to navigate to relevant information)

Project will impact Brisbane's CBD

Victoria Park / Barrambin is transforming into a natural retreat and urban park for adventure, discovery and reconnection.


About the project:

Address: Victoria Park / Barrambin sits across Herston, Kelvin Grove and Spring Hill.
Developer: Brisbane City Council
Building type: 64 hectares of public open space near the city centre and include bike and walking tracks, a high ropes course, a cafe, playground and visitor centre, edible gardens, water play areas, pedestrian and cycle bridges along with various natural features. The park has also been named as the temporary venue for the equestrian cross country and BMX freestyle events in the 2032 Brisbane Olympics.
Gross development value: $83 million
Status: Under construction
Estimated completion: 2033

Source: Brisbane City Council


Key Resources:

Victoria Park redevelopment

Master Plan

Victoria Plan - Concept flythrough tour



BCC - Victoria Park: Vision and Impact

BCC - Vision & Impact (long document - use the contents page and subheadings "what did you say" to find insight into impacts and how council plans on addressing them)

Key facts and benefits

Residents concerned over some of the Victoria Park redevelopment process

The proposed Brisbane Live development (also known as Brisbane Arena) comprises the establishment of an integrated entertainment and transport precinct at Roma Street, to be developed in conjunction with Cross River Rail. The project will include a new indoor entertainment venue with 17,000 seat-capacity. The venue has also been proposed as Brisbane 2032’s Olympic swimming venue, with a drop-in pool temporarily installed for the event. 


About the project:

Address: Roma Street, Brisbane
Developer: Queensland Government
Architect: Still to be determined 
Building type: 17,000-seat arena, cinemas, restaurants, bars, hotels and residences, retail outlets and outdoor amphitheatres
Gross development value: $2.5 billion
Status: Conceptual
Estimated completion: To be determined

Source: "Unveiled" - Plans for Brisbane Live


Key resources:

Brisbane Development: Plans for Brisbane Live unveiled

Infrastructure Pipeline: Brisbane Live

Master Plan

Interactive tour



Brisbane Live: Key Facts and benefits

Brisbane Live project’s cost far greater than its benefits

Brisbane Arena won't impact parklands

YouTube: Record and Narrate a Slide Show

How to Reference an Image in a PowerPoint Presentation

MyBib Referencing Generator - APA 7

Manage your bibliography using "MyBib" - Referencing - LibGuides at  Melbourne High School

MyBib is an online referencing generator to help you with in text references and your List of References.


  • Sign up for an account so that it will store the references for your assignment. Add it to your bookmark bar to find it quickly.
  • Install the Chrome extension to make your referencing even faster.
  • Make sure everything in your Reference List has a corresponding In-Text citation in the body of your essay.