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Year 9: T4: Geography of Interconnections

The Task

This assessment requires you to present a 4-6 minute (spoken) data report on the interconnections and impacts that a selected product has on people and the environment. You will propose action to mitigate the impact/s. 
Your oral report will utilise visual representations of data in graphic forms and maps to present geographical findings. You may use the following as a guide for your presentation:
1. State and describe your product. Why is it of importance? What need does it fulfil?
2. Global distribution of product (include two labelled maps of the location on a world map and within country of origin).
3. Reasons to explain why it is produced in this/these location(s) (e.g. working conditions, biome, climate conditions, government agreements, mining resources).
4. Analyse geographic data and information to select and interpret data about the impact of production on society (& economy) and the environment - positive and negative implications
5. Synthesise information to propose justified strategies to address impacts on people and/or environment 

Useful Websites

YouTube: Record and Narrate a Slide Show

ONESearch Database Explorer

The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Birtles Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.


Exemplar of PowerPoint Presentation

MyBib Referencing Generator - APA 7

Manage your bibliography using "MyBib" - Referencing - LibGuides at  Melbourne High School

MyBib is an online referencing generator to help you with in text references and your List of References.


  • Sign up for an account so that it will store the references for your assignment. Add it to your bookmark bar to find it quickly.
  • Install the Chrome extension to make your referencing even faster.
  • Make sure everything in your Reference List has a corresponding In-Text citation in the body of your essay.

Topic Choices

Cotton is the most widespread profitable non-food crop in the world. Its production provides income for more than 250 million people worldwide and employs almost 7% of all labor in developing countries. Approximately half of all textiles are made of cotton (World Wildlife)

Australian Cotton: Features and benefits of cotton

The story of cotton

Statista: Leading cotton producing countries worldwide in 2021/2022

The World Counts: Tons of cotton produced, globally this year

United States Department of Agriculture: Foreign Agricultural Service: Cotton world markets and trade

Cotton - Recent market developments and projections for medium-term cotton market. Price, production, consumption and trade developments are discussed as well as the future of the cotton market (OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-ordination and Development).

Australian Cotton Sustainability Framework: Australian cotton sustainability update 2021

Textile Exchange: Organic cotton market report 

World Population Review: Cotton production by country 2022 

World Atlas: Top cotton producing countries in the world 

Temperature requirements for cotton

Precision Agriculture: Ideal conditions for growing cotton 

Productivity commission regulation of agriculture 

Cotton Up: Challenges for cotton

Trvst: Environmental impact of cotton from growing, farming and consuming 

University of British Columbia: Ecological and social costs of cotton farming 

Panaprium: The truth about cotton environmental impact 

International Institute for Sustainable Development: Global market report - cotton 

Business and Human Rights Resource Centre: Cotton On and Target Australia stop buying cotton from Xinjiang over human rights concerns

The Australian Strategic Policy Institute: Untangling from Xinjiang cotton will be easier said than done

Ivory Coast is the largest cocoa producer of the world with more than 2 million tons every year. Cocoa represents 40% of the export revenues of the country, which is phenomenal. This dependence can endanger the country if the price of cocoa falls, like in 2021, putting million of farmers in trouble. (From Cluizel). Only five percent of chocolate sold today is certified to be free from forced, child or trafficked labour. Children often harvest cocoa in dangerous conditions. (From World Vision Australia).

Our World in Data: Cocoa beans

KakaoPlatform: Produced in the south and consumed in the north

World Population Review: Cocoa producing countries 2022

Reuters: In Ivory Coast, a battle to save cocoa-ravaged forests

Cluizel US: The Largest Cocoa Producers in the World

Statista: Chocolate industry statistics and facts

UNCTAD: Cocoa Industry: Integrating Small Farmers into the Global Value Chain

Food is Power: Child labour and slavery in the chocolate industry

Fortune Business Insights: Cocoa and chocolate market

Fair Trade: Cocoa

OEC World: Chocolate in Australia

Bakerpedia: Sustainable chocolate

Makonelli: Today's challenges for the chocolate of the future

University of Arizona: Cocoa, Currency and a Chocolate Crisis

World Wildlife Fund: Bittersweet: chocolate's impact on the environment

Redvervemedia: Chocolate Challenges: The Social, Technological, and Environmental Issues Facing the Cocoa Industry

Well and Good: Chocolate Is One of the Most Damaging Foods to the Environment—Here’s Why

Make chocolate fair

Food Navigator: From indirect supply to reforestation - the challenges and opportunities to halt cocoa deforestation

Centre for Strategic and International Studies: Why Sustainable Cocoa Farming Matters for Rural Development Chocolate industry driving deforestation of Ivory Coast: report

CocoaLife: A story on farming - 'Through Cocoa Life, we are able to expand our knowledge about new farming techniques and learn to master good agricultural practices'.

Forbes: What Is The Sweet Solution To The Issue Of Child Labor In Cocoa Trade?

European Commission: Ending Child Labour and Promoting Sustainable Cocoa Production in Côte D'Ivoire and Ghana

Fortune: If we want to keep eating chocolate, we have to end deforestation

Palm oil is found in food, cosmetics and cleaning products, and is mainly grown in Indonesia and Malaysia. Palm oil harvesting commonly uses forced and child labour, and is also environmentally damaging. (From World Vision Australia).

Our World in Data: Palm oil

Our World in Data: Where is palm oil grown?

AsianAgri: The benefits of palm oil 

World Wildlife Fund: Palm oil

International Institute for Sustainable Development: Global market report - Palm oil 

The Guardian: How the world got hooked on palm oil

EcoBusiness: What is sustainable palm oil?

Borgen Project: Palm oil production in Indonesia

Indonesian Investments: Palm oil

Statista: Palm oil industry in Indonesia- statistics & facts

International Institute for Environment and Development: Palm oil 

GrowAsia: Mainstreaming sustainable palm oil 

Schuster Institute: Indonesia's palm oil industry

Human Rights Watch: Indonesia: Expanding Palm Oil Operations Bring Harm

Greenpeace: Indonesian forests and palm oil

The Conversation: The impact of Indonesia’s ban on palm oil exports reverberated across the globe

The Interpreter: A flash in the pan? Indonesia’s palm oil export ban

Netherlands and You: Sustainability in the Malaysian palm oil sector

Trading Economics: Malaysian palm oil data

East Asia Forum: Sustainable palm oil production is in Malaysia’s hand

OEC: Palm oil in Australia

Friends of the Earth: Palm oil - the Australian connection

Mongabay: Proposal could redefine palm oil-driven deforestation as reforestation in Indonesia

World Wildlife Fund: 8 things to know about palm oil
Includes a section about solutions.

Ensia: How did palm oil become such a problem, and what can we do about it?

How to Reference an Image in a PowerPoint Presentation