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Junior School: Weather & Climate

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Climate vs. Weather: What Are the Differences?


Weather refers to the conditions of the air, such as temperature, rain, wind and clouds. It changes daily. 

Climate refers to the average weather conditions of a place, over a long period of time. For example, the UK has a temperate climate, which means that the UK has warm summers, mild winters and some rainfall all year. 



Weather | TheSchoolRun

Weather is what the sky and the air outside are like, such as cold and cloudy. The weather is more than just wind or rain, but also includes some stunning effects in the sky like rainbows, flashes of lightning, and sunsets.  The pattern of weather that a place usually has over a year is called the climate.


What Is Climate?


Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. Climate change is any systematic change in the long-term statistics of climate variables such as temperature, precipitation, pressure, or wind sustained over several decades or longer.


Climate Around the World Zones Map (teacher made)

A climate zone is an area that has its own distinct climate. They also have their own type of vegetation and wildlife. Some of these zones found around the world include:

  • Temperate - Mild temperatures and moderate rainfall.

  • Tropical - Warm temperatures and lots of rain.

  • Arid - Hot temperatures and little rain.

  • Mountainous - Cold temperatures and precipitation often falling as snow.

  • Polar - Very cold temperatures and precipitation falls as snow.

  • Mediterranean - Dry summers and mild, wet winters.

Each zone relates to a different biome. Biomes are communities of plants and animals that have adapted common characteristics, in order to survive in a certain environment and climate.