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Year 8: Physiology

Physiology

THE TASK

You will research the Claim : 'Human beings are the most complex species on Earth'. From this, you will develop a specific research question which will compare a human physiological organ system with the same organ system from other vertebrates such as a fish OR  a reptile OR a bird (Note - no mammals!) Choose from the systems below:

  • Digestive System
  • Circulatory System
  • Respiratory System

For example, your RESEARCH QUESTION could be:  'Is the human (digestive OR circulatory OR Respiratory) system more complex than the same system in a fish OR a reptile OR a bird'? ie Just choose one organ system and then compare that organ system in a human and in one species of animal eg shark (fish) or snake (reptile).

Rationale

DATABASES TO HELP WITH PARTS A AND B

Science Online database provides excellent information, images and videos on all body systems.

Open the eLearning Modules to access 'The Human Body'

C.R.A.A.P. Test Evaluation Sheet for Research Sources

Save to your tablet, complete and print out to attach to the back of your assignment.

How to Reference an Image in Your Essay

PART A: DESCRIBE THE COMPLEXITY OF THE HUMAN RESPIRATORY, CIRCULATORY AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS, FOCUSSING ON HOW THEY WORK INDIVIDUALLY AND TOGETHER IN THE BODY

SYSTEM WEBSITES
Digestive

Structure and Function at Cell Level
Specialised Cells of the GI System
Gross and Microscopic Anatomy of the Stomach

Structure and Function at Organ Level
The hollow organs that make up the GI tract are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus. The liver, pancreas, and gallbladder are the solid organs of the digestive system.
Structure and Function of the Digestive System
Digestive Organs
Digestive System

Structure and Function at Body System Level
Your Digestion System and How it Works
Why is Digestion Important?

General Digestion Sites
Easy Science For Kids
National Geographic Kids
BBC BiteSize 
Kid's Health                     

Circulatory

Structure and Function at Cell Level
3 main blood cells circulate with the plasma (platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells)

Texas Heart: Blood
Different Types of Blood Cells and Their Role in the Human Body

Structure and Function at Organ Level
What Organs Make up the Circulatory System?

Structure and Function at Body System Level
You Can't Have One Without the Other: How Body Systems are Connected

General Circulatory System Websites
Kids Health
Fact Monster
Ducksters
Biology Dictionary

Respiratory

Structure and Function at Cell Level
The respiratory epithelium in trachea and bronchi primarily consists of three main cell types – cilia cells, goblet cells, and basal cells. 
Respiratory epithelial cells line the respiratory tract

Structure and Function at Organ Level
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
Respiratory System (Pulmonary System) Anatomy

Structure and Function at Body System Level
You Can't Have One Without the Other: How Body Systems are Connected

General Respiratory System Websites
Khan Academy: The Respiratory System
Biology 4 Kids
BBCBitesize
Science With Me
Study.com
Estrella Mountain  School
University of Michigan - the Mechanism of Human Respiration in Detail
Kids Health - For Parents - Lungs and Respiratory System
InnerBody - Respiratory System

MyBib Referencing Generator

Manage your bibliography using "MyBib" - Referencing - LibGuides at  Melbourne High School

MyBib is an online referencing generator to help you with in text references and your List of References.

Sign up for an account so that it will store the references for your assignment. Add it to your bookmark bar to find it quickly.

Install the Chrome extension to make your referencing even faster.

PART B: EXAMINE AND COMPARE THE COMPLEXITIES OF THE CHOSEN HUMAN SYSTEM WITH THE SAME SYSTEM IN A BIRD OR FISH OR REPTILE

QUT C.R.A.A.P. Test for Evaluating Websites

Check the quality of your websites using these criteria (adapted from QUT Library):

Currency: Timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published, posted or last updated?
  • Is the information current for your topic and field of study? How recent does it have to be? Can older sources work just as well?
Relevance: Importance of the information for your needs
  • Is the information appropriate for a senior secondary course?
  • Is this an adequately in-depth examination or a quick summary of the topic?
  • Who's the intended audience? Is it the general public, a student, a researcher or industry?
  • Is the level of information too basic or too advanced for your needs?

Authority: Source of the information

  • Is the author/authoring body (individual person, or institution, or organisation) established and reputable?
  • Are their qualifications, credentials, expertise, experience, educational background and previous work (if any) relevant and do they add credibility to the source?
  • Has the piece been published by a well-known and respected publisher or organisation?
  • Do references to other sources support the writing ie is a Bibliography or Reference List provided?

Accuracy: Reliability and correctness of the information

  • Where does the information come from, and is it supported by evidence?
  • Does it have a Reference List or Bibliography so you can easily find and verify the sources used?
  • Are there any spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: Reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? Why was it written?
  • Does the point of view appear objective, unbiased and impartial?
  • Is the viewpoint of the author's affiliation/ sponsors reflected in the message or content?
  • Does the author acknowledge alternative versions of the issues or facts?