From 'Ancient Warfare' by John Carman and Anthony Harding, The History Press, 2016.
1. WAR IN THE BRONZE AGE: chariots, Egyptian military, Megiddo 1457 BC, Qadesh 1274 BC.
2. WAR IN THE IRON AGE: cavalry, siegecraft, Assyrians, Persians.
3. WAR IN THE ARCHAIC AGE OF GREECE 800O-500 BC: Homer, Sparta, Hoplite phalanx, Mantinea 418 BC, Marathon 490 BC.
4. THE GREAT WARS OF CLASSICAL GREECE 499-362 BC: Persian War, 480-479 BC, Thermopylae 480 BC, Naval warfare with triremes and quinqueremes, Salamis 480 BC, Platea 479 BC, Peloponnesian War 431-404, Pylos 425 and light infantry, Cynosemma, Alsydos and Cyzicus 411-410, Leuctra 371.
5. MACEDONIA 359-323 BC: Alexander the Great, Granicus River 334 BC, Issus 333 BC, Gaugamela 331 BC.
6. WAR IN THE HELLENISTIC AGE 323-276 BC: Laraitakene and Gabione 317-316 BC, Ipsus 301 BC.
7. RISE OF ROME 753-264 BC: Romans and war.
8. ROMAN EMPIRE 264-146 BC: Phyrric War 280-275 BC, Carthage and 1st Punic War 264-241, 2nd Punic War 218-202 BC, Hannibal, Cannae 216, Zama 204-202, 3rd Punic War 149-146.
9. FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE 133-31 BC: Roman Revolution 133-131 BC, Rise of Julius Caesar and the First Triumvirate, Caesar in Gaul 58-50 BC, Second Civil War 49-45 BC, Pharsalus 48, Fall of Republic - Gallorum 43 BC, Actium 32-31 BC.
10. ROMAN EMPIRE 31 BC-180 AD: Augustus, Pax Romana 31 BC-180.
11. DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE 180-476: Visigoths, Adrianople 378.
The Ancient Celts ebook
Choose Chapter 9: Warfare and Society
CLASSICAL WRITERS WHO WROTE ABOUT THE CELTS
Choose the excellent Chapter 2: 'A State Organised for War'.
SUMMARY: Examines Chinese warfare and suggests that three and a half millennia of Chinese military history have produced a distinctive and enduring Chinese Way Of War. While the art and science of war in China have evolved considerably throughout its history, the characteristics and philosophies of its style of warfare contain some propensities that endure from antiquity to the present. They are: (1) The Chinese military orientation focuses more on the strategic and operational levels of war than the tactical. The Chinese prefer strategic maneuver warfare to attritional or other forms of warfare. (2) Chinese warfare emphasizes the importance of shaping operations, the arrangement of the conditions of the war, campaign, or battlefield in one’s favor before initiating combat. (3) Finally, deception and unorthodox warfare play a leading role in Chinese martial philosophy and conduct of war.
SUMMARY: In 221 B.C. the First Emperor of Qin unified what would become the heart of a Chinese empire whose major features would endure for two millennia.
SUMMARY: War and carnage have filled the pages of Chinese history and clearly emerged as the required foundation for establishment of almost every major dynasty in Chinese history. There were hundreds of different types of cold weapons in ancient Chinese battlefields, with the most commonly used including bow, crossbow, sword , broad knife, spear, speargun, cudgel, battleaxe, battle spade, halberd, lance, whip, blunt sword, hammer, fork
CLASSICAL WRITERS WHO WROTE ABOUT ANCIENT CHINA
Also look for Sima Qian (Han Dynasty)
Ebsco Discovery Research Starter database: Overview of Warfare in Ancient India
Ancient Warfare Technology: India
From 'Ancient Warfare Technology : from Javelins to Chariots', by Mary B and Michael Woods (2011)
Mauryan Empire Project: Warfare in the Mauryan Empire
Weapons and Warfare: The Mauryan Empire Military
Khan Academy: The Mauryan And Gupta Empires - Unification and military
Ancient Battles: Ancient Indian Warfare
Scroll down to Mauryan Empire about half way down the page
World History Encyclopedia: Ancient Indian Warfare
Worcester Polytechnic Institute: India Subcontinent - Evolution of Arms & Armour
World History Connected: The War Elephants East and West
World History Encyclopedia: Elephants in Ancient Indian Warfare
Raksha Anirvida: What Modern India Can Learn From the Mauryan Army
Purdue University: Ancient Israel (the United and Divided Kingdom)
CLASSICAL WRITERS WHO WROTE ABOUT ROME
Livy (Titus Livius)
Conduct a Google search - eg "Julius Caesar writer Roman warfare"
At only one period in Sparta's long history, in the late fourth and early third century BC, did the home of these grim warriors seem set to entrench itself as the dominant power in the Greek world. This period includes the latter stages of the Peloponnesian War from 412 BC to the Spartan victory in 402, and then down to the Spartan defeat by the Thebans at Leuctra in 371 BC, where it all began to unravel for the Spartan Empirern
Philip Matyszak explores two themes: how Sparta came to be the unique society it was, and the rise of the city from a Peloponnesian village to the military superpower of Greece. But above all, his focus is on the Spartan hoplite, the archetypal Greek warrior who was respected and feared throughout Greece in his own day, and who has since become a legend.
Universally admired in 479 BC, the Spartans were masters of the Greek world by 402 BC, only for their state to collapse in the next generation. What went wrong? Was the fall of Sparta inevitable? Philip Matyszak examines the political blunders and failures of leadership which combined with unresolved social issues to bring down the nation - even as its warriors remained invincible on the battlefield.
CLASSICAL WRITERS WHO WROTE ABOUT SPARTA
Alcman and Tyrtaeus
Conduct a Google search - eg 'Herodotus and Sparta'.
Weapons included Sagaris, Spear (Persian), Bow and Arrow (Persian), Chariot Scythe
CLASSICAL WRITERS WHO WROTE ABOUT PERSIA
Conduct a Google search eg 'Herodotus and Persia'.
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