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Senior: 11 & 12: Unit 2: Energy Transfers & Transformations

Claims & Resources For Them

An artificial ecosystem is a man-made system of plants, animals, and people living in an area together with their surroundings. Zoo parks often create artificial ecosystems by placing animals in human-made areas similar to their natural habitat. Some examples of man- made ecosystems are aquariums (including dolphin parks), lakes (including Lake Gkula on the Sunshine Coast)gardens, agriculture, apiaries, poultry, piggeries.

Threats to Australian biodiversity

The impact of human activities on Australian wildlife

'A national disgrace': Australia's extinction crisis is unfolding in plain sight

What impacts do human activities have on habitats and wildlife

IMPACT OF EL NINO

Condition Effect
Warmer sea temperatures Plankton and fish kills in coastal waters
Lower sea levels Exposure of underwater, fragile coral reefs
Higher sea levels

Salt water intrusion into water supplies

Coastal erosion and damage to shoreline and property

Flooding / Increased rainfall

Contamination of drinking water systems

Flooding of wastewater systems

Contamination of recreational sites and estuaries

Droughts

Crop failure

Increase in disease due to lack of water for sanitation and hygiene

Blowing dust

Pollution of viable water sources

Decrease in near-shore coastal water quality

Warmer, wetter, more humid weather

Boom in mosquito population and subsequent increase in malaria

and dengue fever

Boom in termite population resulting in damage to buildings and homes

From https://www.waterandhealth.org/newsletter/new/summer-1998/eInino.html   

How will climate change change El Niño and La Niña?

What is El Niño and what might it mean for Australia?

Climate warming promises more frequent extreme El Niño events

Here's how climate change is going to affect 'super El Niño' events in the future

Great Barrier Reef Foundation: Climate change is the single greatest threat facing the Reef

Department of Environment: The Great Barrier Reef and climate change

QUT C.R.A.A.P. Test for Evaluating Websites

Check the quality of your websites using these criteria (adapted from QUT Library):

Currency: Timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published, posted or last updated?
  • Is the information current for your topic and field of study? How recent does it have to be? Can older sources work just as well?
Relevance: Importance of the information for your needs
  • Is the information appropriate for a senior secondary course?
  • Is this an adequately in-depth examination or a quick summary of the topic?
  • Who's the intended audience? Is it the general public, a student, a researcher or industry?
  • Is the level of information too basic or too advanced for your needs?

Authority: Source of the information

  • Is the author/authoring body (individual person, or institution, or organisation) established and reputable?
  • Are their qualifications, credentials, expertise, experience, educational background and previous work (if any) relevant and do they add credibility to the source?
  • Has the piece been published by a well-known and respected publisher or organisation?
  • Do references to other sources support the writing ie is a Bibliography or Reference List provided?

Accuracy: Reliability and correctness of the information

  • Where does the information come from, and is it supported by evidence?
  • Does it have a Reference List or Bibliography so you can easily find and verify the sources used?
  • Are there any spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: Reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? Why was it written?
  • Does the point of view appear objective, unbiased and impartial?
  • Is the viewpoint of the author's affiliation/ sponsors reflected in the message or content?
  • Does the author acknowledge alternative versions of the issues or facts?

MyBib Referencing Generator - APA 7

Manage your bibliography using "MyBib" - Referencing - LibGuides at  Melbourne High School

MyBib is an online referencing generator to help you with in text references and your List of References.

Sign up for an account so that it will store the references for your assignment. Add it to your bookmark bar to find it quickly.

Install the Chrome extension to make your referencing even faster.

Zotero - Online Referencing Tool

Zotero can be set to the same Harvard AGPS (Australia) style that CiteAce uses, called 'Melbourne Polytechnic - Harvard'. Please read the instructions carefully.

Any issues - see your Library Staff

QCAA Exemplars for Earth Science

ONESearch Database Explorer

The ENTIRE collection of resources provided by the BBC Library can be searched on ONE single, powerful search platform, which retrieves print books, eBooks, database articles and websites. Click HERE for assistance.

Useful Databases

 Britannica Online

 Access Science

 Facts on File : Science Online

 Gale Science in Context

 Science Reference Center

 STEM Database From Proquest. IF YOU ARE OFF-CAMPUS, PLEASE SCROLL DOWN AND CLICK ON 'SHOW MORE DETAIL' WHERE YOU SHOULD INSERT THE PASSWORDS YOU HAVE BEEN SENT IN AN EMAIL FROM THE HEAD OF LIBRARY.

 Gale Academic Onefile

Subscription Science Journals

 Science News 

Highly respected Science journal. Login with email: jking@bbc.qld.edu.au. Use the little magnifying glass symbol in the top toolbar to search.

 Cosmos 

Request the Library to purchase an eBook for your assignment

Ebook Central

You can see the entire Proquest Ebook Central Catalogue of 500,000 resources by entering your search term in the box above.  You may browse any title for 5 minutes, and if it's one we don't already own, it will say 'request this book from your library', which means you can email the Library to ask us to purchase it if you like it, or simply rent it for a day so you can quickly take the notes you need during that day.

SIGN IN WITH YOUR STUDENT NUMBER AS YOUR USERNAME.

We will attend to your request as quickly as possible!

Advanced Web Searching Tips

1. Use 'Ctrl F' (Control + Find) to search for particular terms easily in a long document, whether from a website or a database article.

2.  Use a Boolean command - put double inverted commas around phrases to limit and improve your results eg "energy drinks problems".

3. Use filetype:pdf to search in Google for only pdf articles - "plastic pollution" filetype:pdf - will force Google to return results on plastic pollution which are only pdf articles (PDFs are great sources sometimes deeply buried in Google results and remain unseen).

4. Use a Google domain command eg site:edu OR site:gov to limit results to a CERTAIN DOMAIN such as education or government eg biodiesel site:edu

5.  To check the authority of a website when it is not clear who the author / authority is, go to the end of the URL in the Google search box, cut back to the first forward slash (/) and hit 'Enter'. This will take you to the Home Page of the website, and you can see the full name of the source.

6. Use a Google command to limit results to the MOST RECENT: After you get your results, choose the Google Menu Bar, and choose 'Tools'. Then on the far left, at the drop-down menu next to 'Any Time', you can choose 'Within the last year' (or less, if you prefer), but generally, you can choose 'Custom Range' at the bottom, as often the last 3 years would be sufficient for a recent search.

Science Template for Writing Research Assignments

From Mrs Allen:

1.       START EARLY

2.       ASSIGNMENT BREAKDOWN
          a.       First 10% - General Reading (This is where your ideas are shaped, read 3-6 sources of VARIETY)
          b.       10% - 40/50% - Active Notetaking (This is where you collect & collate evidence & info)
          c.       40-50% - 80% - Organisation of Ideas (This is where you construct the structure of your essay,  and allocate the number of words for  each part).
          d.       80% - 100% - Writing (This is where you write the assignment as streamlined as possible)

2021 Research Assignment Template - D.Allen

Research Tips for Senior School Science

Recommended Earth Science Websites

undefined United States Geological Survey - One of the most prestigious geology websites

 American Geosciences Institute 

Recommended Science Academic Websites

The world’s largest collection of open access research papers

An inclusive journal community which believes all rigorous science needs to be published and discoverable, widely disseminated and freely accessible to all

A free distribution service and an open archive for scholarly articles in the fields of science


An American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases about science

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Breaks down the stories behind the most interesting news and photos on the Internet.


A network of not-for-profit media outlets that publish news stories on the Internet that are written by academics and researchers


The NCBI advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

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Regarded as a 'porthole' site, SciTech Daily offers the best intelligent, informed science and technology coverage and analysis you can find on a daily basis, sourcing a huge range of great writers and excellent research institutes.

Gateway to the best Science news sources.

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A global science gateway comprised of national and international scientific databases and portals.


Google Scholar's searches are set to cover scholarly material more often than 'regular' Google. Google Scholar's searches are set to cover scholarly material more often than 'regular' Google.  Read the article below on the advantages an disadvantages of using it.

Google Books can be very frustrating because often much of the book is missing and you are expected to purchase it to read the full content. So after you put in your search term you are interested in (eg biodiesel), and get some results up,  you should then go immediately to the search box (on the left - above 'About this box') undefined and type in a particular word or term you are interested in (eg CO2 emissions OR methanol) you should get a number of pages pop up. Choose one that looks useful - you should get some good results this way!

Data Sets

Data sets involve the integration of heterogeneous data in varying formats and from diverse communities. Four basic features can be identified as common to most definitions: grouping, content, relatedness, and purpose.